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3 PHILOSOPHES AND THEIR REMARKABLE VIEWS ON MUSIC

Music. Everyone listens and has their own ideas about it. Did you also know that different thinkers have tried the philosophy of music since Antiquity? Philosophy of music is described as the study of fundamental questions about the nature of music and how we experience it. A number of philosophers made remarkable statements about the importance of music to humans.

1: Plato (c. 427 BC - 347 BC)

In ancient Greek society people had an enormous appreciation for music. It therefore played a major role in the life of the Ancient Greeks: music was played at weddings, funerals, religious ceremonies and theaters. People thought very differently about music than now. For the Greeks, music was part of a good upbringing, which made it more an exact study than an artistic expression with a personal style. Plato already saw a new trend emerging in his time. According to him, the intention was once to listen and learn from music. However, the idea had arisen that there was no right or wrong way of making music, as long as people had fun.

Music central to a philosophers education If it wasn’t about having fun, what was the importance of music, according to Plato? In his book De Staat, Plato describes what he thinks an ideal state should look like. The men who have to protect this utopian state receive the best physical and scientific training. According to Plato, music is the most important stimulant for the mind. If music is central to the training, a man will develop into a philosophical thinker. It should be noted that Plato also included written poetry among music.

2: Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher, building on Immanuel Kant’s Enlightenment thinking. He would also have been the first Western philosopher to spread ideas from Eastern philosophy after coming to the same conclusions in his own work as Eastern philosophers. Schopenhauer was not a very well-known philosopher during his life, but men like Freud and Einstein later quoted from his work. Music was central to Schopenhauer’s thinking. He thinks about music is directly related to the “secret of the world”. Music differs from other arts in that it does not represent the world. Music doesn’t even represent anything, but it can still have great emotional influence on people. According to Schopenhauer, music is so special because, for example, sad music does not convey the feelings of one person (the maker), but can release the whole emotion ‘sadness’ in people. Because he gives music and other art an important place in his thinking, Schopenhauer has been called the “philosopher of the artists”.

3: Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

Friedrich Nietzsche was an important supporter of Schopenhauer’s philosophy. He therefore attached great importance to music: β€œAll qualities are united in music: it can cheer us up and bring us joy with its soft, melancholy melodies. It can break even the resistance of the strongest characters. The main purpose of music, however, is to lead our thoughts upwards so that it elevates us. ” All people who don’t like music are, according to Nietzsche, nothing but mindless beasts. The German philosopher himself went so far as to say that life without music would be a mistake. Nietzsche therefore composed and played his own music. He was a good piano player and wrote poems.

Music and philosophy are inseparable So music and philosophy are inseparable for some philosophers. According to these thinkers, the importance of music is enormous. During this theme month of music we will read how man has developed during history on this important part of his existence.

[bron: www.isgeschiedenis.nl]

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